Negation and Polarity: Syntax and Semantics: Selected Papers by Danielle Forget, Paul Hirschbühler, France Martineau, María

By Danielle Forget, Paul Hirschbühler, France Martineau, María Luisa Rivero

Within the final decade, there was a revival of curiosity concerning negation and polarity, with a lot cross-fertilization among semantic and syntactic ways. The papers within the current quantity handle key concerns concerning the syntax and semantics of negation and polarity, together with either synchronic and diachronic perpectives. primary to the discussions are the distribution of destructive markers and the constitution of the clause, adverse harmony phenomena, licensing of polarity goods, similarities among Neg-movement and wh-movement. The papers, via major members to the sector, mirror diversified theoretical frameworks, together with ideas and Parameters and Minimalist ways, Head-Driven word constitution Grammar, Formal Semantics, or ways attracted to pragmatics. the quantity is of curiosity to syntacticians, semanticians, ancient linguists, typologists, and philosophers.

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Bending Opinion: Essays on Persuasion in the Public Domain by Ton Van Haaften, Henrike Jansen, Jaap De Jong, Willem De

By Ton Van Haaften, Henrike Jansen, Jaap De Jong, Willem De Koetsenruijter

From classical antiquity till the current, humans and teams have taken to public areas, now principally digital, that allows you to relay their message and try and convince others. And for simply as lengthy, the tools of organizing and carrying out such public debate and determination making were hotly contested. This selection of essays by way of wonderful overseas students offers an summary of the country of interdisciplinary scholarship at the artwork of rhetoric and the various methods and methodologies inside it. Bending Opinion cites a bunch of suitable examples, from Barack Obama to Geert Wilders, in addition to compelling case reports.

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Studies in the Composition and Decomposition of Event by Boban Arsenijević, Berit Gehrke, Rafael Marín

By Boban Arsenijević, Berit Gehrke, Rafael Marín

This precise, perceptive addition to the linguistics literature analyzes the semantic elements of occasion predicates, exploring their fine-grained components in addition to their supplier in linguistic processing. The papers transcend natural semantics to contemplate their various affects of occasion predicates on argument constitution, element, scalarity, and occasion structure.

The quantity exhibits how advances within the linguistic concept of occasion predicates, that have spawned Davidsonian and neo-Davidsonian notions of occasion arguments, as well as ‘event constitution’ frameworks and mereological versions for the eventuality area, have sidelined examine on particular units of entailments that aid a typology of occasion predicates. Addressing this imbalance within the literature, the paintings additionally provides proof indicating a extra complicated position for scalar buildings than at present assumed. it's going to increase the paintings of semanticists, psycholinguists, and syntacticians with a decompositional method of verb word structure.

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The Semantics of Determiners by Johan Van Der Auwera (ed.)

By Johan Van Der Auwera (ed.)

This ebook is a set of linguistic and philosophical papers facing the semantic difficulties of determiners. The language below research is generally English, even though a couple of papers take care of French and German, and, to a lesser volume, with Dutch, Polish, Russian and Hebrew. nearly all of the contributions specialize in the semantics of the yes and indefinite articles, major into discussions of anaphoricness, specificness, opacity and transparency, referentiality and attributiveness and genericness. The relation of the determiners to different elements of grammar, particularly relativisation and predication, can be investigated. a few realization can also be given to quantifiers. within the spirit of pluralism, there isn't any unmarried paradigm unifying all of the papers, particularly, the quantity displays components of the prolonged average conception, Generative Semantics, Montague Grammar, (Gricean) Pragmatics and Speech Act concept.

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Computing Meaning: Volume 3 by Harry Bunt, Reinhard Muskens

By Harry Bunt, Reinhard Muskens

This booklet offers an in-depth view of the present concerns, difficulties and ways within the computation of that means as expressed in language. geared toward linguists, machine scientists, and logicians with an curiosity within the computation of which means, this e-book specializes in major subject matters in fresh examine in computational semantics. the 1st subject is the definition and use of underspecified semantic representations, i.e. formal buildings that symbolize a part of the which means of a linguistic item whereas leaving different elements unspecified. the second one subject mentioned is semantic annotation. Annotated corpora became an integral source either for linguists and for builders of language and speech expertise, in particular while utilized in mixture with desktop studying tools. The annotation in corpora has merely marginally addressed semantic info, notwithstanding, in view that semantic annotation methodologies are nonetheless of their infancy. This publication discusses the advance and alertness of such methodologies.

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The Inheritance of Presupposition by John Dinsmore

By John Dinsmore

This paintings offers a procedural account of the so-called ‘projection challenge’ for presupposition. it's assumed that presuppositions embedded in complicated sentences are topic to no projection principles or ad-hoc stipulations no matter what, yet are in reality happy in acceptable contexts in a totally uniform manner. it really is validated that the plain filtering, alteration, or renovation of an embedded presupposition is in each case a logical final result of a basic, independently influenced version of language processing and data illustration. it really is proven intimately that turning the ‘projection challenge’ upside-down during this means ends up in a much more explanatory and descriptively enough account than any formerly proposed.

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Syntax and Semantics of Prepositions by Patrick Saint-Dizier (auth.), Patrick Saint-Dizier (eds.)

By Patrick Saint-Dizier (auth.), Patrick Saint-Dizier (eds.)

This e-book is the 1st to supply an built-in view of preposition from morphology to reasoning, through syntax and semantics. It bargains new insights in utilized and formal linguistics, and cognitive technology. It underlines the significance of prepositions in a few computational linguistics purposes, akin to info retrieval and desktop translation. The reader will make the most of a variety of perspectives and functions to numerous linguistic frameworks, between which, such a lot significantly, HPSG. The ebook is for researchers operating within the fields of computational linguistics, linguistics, and synthetic intelligence.

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Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning by Alexis Burgess, Brett Sherman

By Alexis Burgess, Brett Sherman

Metasemantics contains new paintings at the philosophical foundations of linguistic semantics, via a various team of demonstrated and rising specialists within the philosophy of language, metaphysics, and the idea of content material. The technological know-how of semantics aspires to systematically specify the meanings of linguistic expressions in context.

The paradigmatic metasemantic query is for that reason: what extra uncomplicated or primary gains of the area metaphysically ensure those semantic proof? Efforts to respond to this question unavoidably bring up others. the place are the limits of semantics? what's the essence of the that means relation? Which framework should still we use for semantic theorizing? What are the intrinsic natures of semantic values? Are the semantic proof metaphysically determinate? what's semantic competence?

Metasemantic inquiry has lengthy been famous as a crucial a part of the philosophy of language, yet contemporary advancements in metaphysics and semantics itself now let us method those vintage questions with an remarkable measure of precision. The essays amassed right here supply promising new views on previous difficulties, pose questions that recommend novel study tasks, and brought jointly, significantly sharpen our figuring out of linguistic illustration.

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