332nd Fighter Group: Tuskegee Airmen by Chris Bucholtz

By Chris Bucholtz

The USAAC's Tuskegee scan, designed to turn out that African-Americans weren't in a position to flying strive against airplane, satirically led to the production of 1 of the USAAF's elite units.Crewed via highly-educated and awfully influenced males, the 99th Fighter Squadron, led via Col Benjamin O. Davis (later joined by means of the one hundredth, 301st, and 302nd FS to shape the 332nd Fighter Group), first flew flooring assault missions in P-40s in North Africa and took part within the destruction and quit of Pantelleria, off Sicily. Later, after the unit was once outfitted with P-51 Mustangs, the 'Redtails' all started flying escort missions deep into Germany. The unit scoreboard boasted 111 aerial kills (including a number of Me 262 jets), a hundred and fifty strafing victories, 950 automobiles and railway rolling inventory destroyed, and the sinking of a German destroyer by way of war's finish. the gang have been either feared and revered by way of the Germans, who referred to as them the "Schwartze Voglemenschen" (Black Birdmen), and respected through others because the "Black Red-tail Angels", in part as a result of their specific red-tailed airplane, and in part simply because they by no means misplaced a bomber lower than escort to enemy assault (a feat which was once unrivaled via the other USAAF fighter crew in international struggle II). The pilots of the 332nd FG characteristic their good fortune to the self-discipline instilled via Col Davis, who's reputed to have informed them, 'If you lose a bomber, do not hassle to come back back.'This booklet will exhibit the genuine tale of the unit who rose above discrimination to accomplish elite prestige.

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So, when "Roots" came along (which, by the way, was not nearly the best representation of the black experience possible), it was good. The American public needed to know, wanted to know, and looked in to see. Now, we have an even more authentic representation of the black experienceproduced and directed, acted and scripted by black people themselves, for a black audience. This gives us a chance to satisfy even further that great need among us Americans to know all we can about each other. Page 2 Ossie Davis Page 3 The Necessity of Historical Knowledge This film collection has many values.

Foreword by Ossie Davis 1 II. Introduction King Tut's Warehouse: Finding the Films 13 The Non-White World of All-Black Cinema 20 III. Some Pioneer Black Filmmakers Oscar Micheaux: the Dean of Black Filmmakers 26 Spencer Williams 31 William Alexander 36 George Randol 39 IV. the Tyler, Texas, Black Film Collection The Blood of Jesus 44 Dirty Gertie from Harlem, U. S. A. 53 The Girl in Room 20 65 Juke Joint 75 Marching On 85 Midnight Shadow 95 Miracle in Harlem 106 Murder in Harlem (Lem Hawkins' Confession) 118 Souls of Sin 129 By-Line Newsreels (Four Episodes) 138 Other Short Films in the Collection: Broken Earth 145 Boogie Woogie Blues 148 Daughters of the Isle of Jamaica 152 Harlem Hot-Shots 152 Junior Jeeps 153 Vanities 155 Page vi V.

First, such films become covered with a fine, yellow-brown dust as the backing begins to break down.  William Jones with Black Film Treasures and Lobby Cards begin to stick to the next turn, so that unreeling the film does further damage (much as unrolling an ancient papyrus scroll does further damage to its precious contents). Finally, the film becomes a mixture of sticky, semi-solid masses awash in a puddle of dust. Estimates are that almost fifty percent of the world's pre-1950 film heritage is now gone forevermost of it to nitrate decomposition.

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