By Talcott Parsons
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This paintings has been chosen by way of students as being culturally vital, and is a part of the data base of civilization as we all know it. This paintings was once reproduced from the unique artifact, and is still as actual to the unique paintings as attainable. as a result, you will see that the unique copyright references, library stamps (as each one of these works were housed in our most crucial libraries round the world), and different notations within the paintings.
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Extra info for Action Theory and the Human Condition
Thus, in the case of diabetes, for the relatively mild case, sufficient care to take the medication prescribed according to the regimen, some attention to testing of sugar level in urine, and some attention to diet are daily routine obligations of the patient. Usually, if he is under medical supervision, there will be, in addition to that, periodic checks on his condition by the physician in question. Outside of performance of these obligations, however, in cases of this sort, the "sick person" goes about his business in other concerns of life than participating in a health agency-illness interaction.
A brief outline of a classification of such mechanisms may serve as a useful introduction to a more detailed analysis of the mechanisms of particular interest here. Mechanisms for Favoring Accountability In one sense, the most elementary mechanism is the "discipline" of the market. This device maximizes the chances that participating units will act responsibly by following the dictates of their own self-interest, as measured in terms of monetary gain or loss. Generally speaking, this balance cannot hold unless markets are normatively regulated at least at two levels'.
Of course, the occupation need not be totally confined to patient care, since many physicians, especially those attached to important organizations like high-level hospitals and medical schools typically devote a substantial amount of their time and effort to nontherapeutic functions. Of these the most important clearly are, on the one hand, research, regarded as relatively independent of treatment of the individual sick patient, and, on the other hand, what broadly may be characterized as administrative functions, as in the case of a physician who acts for the time being as chief of service in his hospital situation.