By M.J. Cresswell
Adverbial amendment is perhaps one of many least understood components of linguistics. The essays during this quantity all deal with the matter of the way to provide an research of adverbial modifiers inside truth-conditional semantics. Chapters I-VI supply analyses of specific modifiers inside a potential worlds framework, and have been written among 1974 and 1981. unique book info of those chapters could be stumbled on on p. vi. of those, all yet bankruptcy I make crucial use of the concept that the time reference inquisitive about tensed sentences might be a time period instead of a unmarried quick. the ultimate bankruptcy (Chapter VII) was once written specifically for this quantity and investigates the query of ways the 'situation semantics' lately devised via Jon Barwise and John Perry, as a rival to possible-worlds semantics, may perhaps take care of adverbs. furthermore i've got integrated an appendix to bankruptcy III and an advent which hyperlinks the entire chapters together.
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Extra info for Adverbial Modification: Interval Semantics and Its Rivals
Is true in a world so is [3. He isolates the logical words of his fragment of English by translating it into the language of intensional logic (in which the set of 'logical words' is antecedently specified). Parsons [45, p. 128] has a discussion of Reichenbach's analysis of modifiers, the aim of which is to see whether the analysis makes explicit the correct entailments. Lewis [34, p. 185] at least flirts with the idea of making logical truth depend on the class of words chosen as 'logical words'.
NOTES ~ Actually this view of adverbs seems to have been put forward independently by a number of people (cf. 140, note 12)): Montague and Kamp , Clark , and Parsons . I adopted the view in . Vide also Lewis [34, p. 180]. 2 When I want to refer to a symbol in a formal language which is intended to represent a certain English word I use the English word printed in boldface italics. This convention is also sometimes used for mentioning English expressions. 3 The semin;ll paper here is Davidson's .
It seems to me plausible to suggest that (6) and (7) are true in precisely the same set of worlds. I can imagine a world in which neither makes much sense, or a world in which some catastrophic event makes the week shorter than normal, but not a world in which one is true and the other false. Clearly (8) The last week of 1974 began yesterday. and (9) The last week of 1974 ended yesterday. need not have the same truth value. Even if yesterday could be regarded as referring to a particular context-determined moment of time,12 it would still not permit (6) and (7) to be assigned merely sets of possible worlds.