African Families at the Turn of the 21st Century by OHENEBA-SAKYI YAW, TAKYI BAFFOUR K.

By OHENEBA-SAKYI YAW, TAKYI BAFFOUR K.

The establishment of family members has been imperative to the health and wellbeing of African societies through the years. African households have passed through major transformation attributable to the interaction of indigenous, Arabic/Islamic, and European/Christian cultures. The juxtaposition of those 3 cultures within the lives of African peoples captures the triple-heritage photograph of the continent. while, modernization, urbanization, and migration have performed and proceed to play major roles within the transformation of households around the continent. whereas it really is precise that the normal kin has replaced in lots of methods and that African households are always faced with new demanding situations, the well known participants to this quantity realize that the African kinfolk keeps to conform to rising structural adjustments. within the new millennium, a number of concerns and demanding situations has emerged, each one with the aptitude to weaken or threaten the survival of the conventional African relations. those comprise the HIV/AIDS pandemic; a becoming aged inhabitants; declining governmental aid; and fiscal decay. How the post-colonial kin reacts to those threats and demanding situations has the aptitude to both hold or undermine the family's position as an immense organizing precept in Africa.The establishment of kin has been valuable to the wellbeing and fitness of African societies through the years. African households have passed through major modifications brought on by the interaction of indigenous, Arabic/Islamic, and European/Christian cultures. The juxtaposition of those 3 cultures within the lives of African peoples captures the triple-heritage photograph of the continent. even as, modernization, urbanization, and migration have performed and proceed to play a task within the transformation of households around the continent. whereas it really is actual that the conventional family members has replaced in lots of methods and that African households are constantly faced with new demanding situations, the participants to this quantity realize that the African kin has tailored to the rising structural alterations. within the new millennium, a number of matters and demanding situations have the aptitude to weaken or threaten the survival of the normal African kinfolk. those contain the HIV/AIDS pandemic, which turns out to afflict the younger and able-bodied; a starting to be aged inhabitants; declining governmental aid; and monetary decay. How the post-colonial relations reacts to those threats and demanding situations has the aptitude to both hold or undermine the family's function as a big organizing precept in Africa.Profound transitions have happened in family members constitution and procedures because the post-colonial interval. This paintings issues to a couple of the documented ameliorations in African kinfolk existence, together with the altering modes of decision-making as a result institution of a money crop financial system, nuptial styles, altering maternal roles, an expanding age at marriage and declining fertility, increasingly more families headed by means of girls, a rise within the expense of marital instability and dissolution, and altering styles of mate choice and kinfolk kin.

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Preface. In Mazrui, A. A. & Levine, T. K. ), The Africans: A reader (pp. xv–xviii). New York: Praeger. 22 AFRICAN FAMILIES AT THE TURN OF THE 21ST CENTURY Mazrui, A. (1994). Islamic doctrine and the politics of induced fertility change: An African perspective. Population and Development Review, 20 (Supplement), 121–134. , & Levine, T. K. ). (1986). The Africans: A reader. New York: Praeger. Mbugua, W. (1992). The structure and dynamics of family formation in Africa: A review and synthesis of current evidence.

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF AFRICAN FAMILIES 23 Population Reference Bureau. (2005). World Population Data Sheet. Washington, DC. Radcliffe-Brown, A. , & Forde, D. ). (1950). African systems of kinship and marriage. London: Oxford University Press. Rattray, R. S. (1923). Ashanti. London: Oxford University Press. Rattray, R. S. (1929). Ashanti law and constitution. London: Oxford University Press. Republic of Ghana, & United Nations Children’s Fund. (1990). Children and women in Ghana: A situation analysis.

The Shari’a reflects that form. It gives power over women not only to husbands, but also to male members of the kin group. It also sanctions a special bond of community among male members of the extended kin group (Charrad, 1990, 2000). In some instances, as in marriage and inheritance, male kin have considerable prerogative. Strict inheritance rules designate the heirs and specify their shares. One principle holds in all cases: a woman inherits half the share that would go to a man in the same kinship relation to the deceased.

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