Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax by Noel Burton-Roberts

By Noel Burton-Roberts

This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of the traditional advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. It covers key suggestions similar to constituency, class and features, and likewise utilises tree diagrams all through to assist the reader visualise the constitution of sentences.

In this fourth version, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised and now encompasses a fresh better half web site with extra actions and workouts for college students and a solution publication for the in-text workouts for professors. the additional actions at the site provide scholars perform in making a choice on syntactic phenomena in working textual content and should support to deepen figuring out of this subject.

Accessible and transparent, this booklet is definitely the right textbook for readers coming to this subject for the 1st time. that includes many in-text, end-of-chapter and additional workouts, it truly is appropriate for self-directed research in addition to to be used as center examining on classes.

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7) E + C. (8) D + E. (9) F + g + h. (5) e + f + g + h. A (a) B C D a E b c F d e g h f 2. In tree diagram (a) above, what are the immediate constituents of: (1) A? (2) B? (3) C? 3. (a) Draw a phrase marker for the phrase two rather dubious jokes which shows that it contains the further phrase rather dubious jokes, which in turn contains rather dubious as a phrase. (b) Men from the Ministry is a phrase which contains from the Ministry and the Ministry as phrases. Draw a phrase marker for the whole phrase.

But if it does, then either [a] or [b] is right – and the question is: which? Now check that the tests mentioned above, replacement by a single word and the question test, confirm the analysis you’ve chosen. 13 CHAPTER 1 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: CONSTITUENTS Phrase marker [25c] says that the phrase does not contain any further phrase, that the words themselves are the immediate constituents of the phrase. According to [c], a does not belong more with either of the other words. Now, if [25c] is correct, [a] and [b] should seem equally bad.

Here goes. Any point in a phrase marker that could branch and bear a label is called a ‘node’. In phrase marker [34] there are two nodes, labelled ‘PHRASE-a’ and ‘PHRASE-b’. A node is said to dominate everything that appears below it and joined to it by a line. Thus the node labelled ‘PHRASE-a’ dominates all the following elements: beside, PHRASE-b, a, stream, that, had, dried, and up. A node is said to immediately dominate another element when there are no intervening nodes. Thus PHRASE-a in [34] immediately dominates just beside and PHRASE-b.

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