Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The by Rijk

By Rijk

This research intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the power misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity provides Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and will pay targeted cognizance to his technique of argument in gentle of his semantic perspectives. This booklet is aimed toward all these drawn to old and Medieval Philosophy, the background of good judgment and semantics, and the advance of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Extra resources for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua)

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Aristotle's words are merely an addition: "that is why to assert that even what-is-not is a thing-that-is-not", and so are merely a prelude to his recognizing 'being as truth' 'and 'non-being as falsity'. T h e latter is in fact the m o d e of being of 'things' ('statable things' or 'states of affairs') asserted, and therefore must not be excluded from our investigations in advance. His saying 'even' anticipates the subsequent dismissal (in Met. Ε 4) of this m o d e of being. 7 2 At 1003b 11-16 Aristotle explicitly infers f r o m the foregoing that, just as everything that is healthy is covered by o n e discipline, it is also o n e discipline that covers the things-that-are qua things-that-are.

A n d t h a t of t h e i r attributes. 8 7 A n d those w h o e x a m i n e t h e s e q u e s t i o n s [viz. t h e specialists as well as t h e one-issue p h i l o s o p h e r s of t h e past] a r e at fault, n o t as if they w e r e n o t philoso p h i z i n g , b u t b e c a u s e ousia is p r i o r [ t h a n n u m b e r s , lines e t c . ] , of w h i c h they have n o c o m p r e h e n s i o n . F o r j u s t as t h e r e a r e modificat i o n s distinctive of n u m b e r q u a n u m b e r (as f o r e x a m p l e o d d n e s s , e v e n n e s s , c o m m e n s u r a b i l i t y , equality, excess, d e f i c i e n c y ) , a n d t h e s e h o l d g o o d of n u m b e r s b o t h in t h e i r own right a n d with respect to o n e a n o t h e r , as similarly t h e solid, changeless, c h a n g e a b l e , weightless, a n d w h a t possesses weight have o t h e r distinctive p r o p e r t i e s — so too t h e r e a r e c e r t a i n p r o p e r t i e s distinctive of t h a t w h i c h is q u a thing-that-is.

33 The convertibility of 'being' and 'one' T h e subsequent paragraph (1003b22-1004a2) is commonly supposed to flatly interrupt 7 6 the run of argument. Kirwan (82) takes it as an 73 See Met. Γ 2, 1005a11-13 and Ε 1, 1025b11-14. v. 'categorization'. The natural philosopher, too, studies the outside things in view of their ousia, so physics is itself an important branch of ontology. See Mel. Ζ 11, 1037a 15-20. 75 w h e n he speaks of γένος and εϊδη in this context, Aristotle has a class and its sub-classes in mind, rather than genus and species in the technical sense; for this non-technical sense of γένος see Bonitz, Index, 152a21-37.

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