By James Pustejovsky (auth.), James Pustejovsky (eds.)
The aim of this e-book is to combine the study being conducted within the box of lexical semantics in linguistics with the paintings on wisdom illustration and lexicon layout in computational linguistics. hardly ever do those camps meet and talk about the calls for and issues of every other's fields. accordingly, this e-book is attention-grabbing in that it offers a stimulating and particular dialogue among the computational point of view of lexical which means and the troubles of the linguist for the semantic description of lexical goods within the context of syntactic descriptions. This booklet grew out of the papers provided at a workshop held at Brandeis collage in April, 1988, funded through the yank organization for man made Intelligence. the total workshop in addition to the dialogue classes accom panying each one speak have been recorded. as soon as entire copies of every paper have been on hand, they have been allotted to contributors, who have been requested to supply written reviews at the texts for overview reasons. VII JAMES PUSTEJOVSKY 1. creation there's at present a turning out to be curiosity within the content material of lexical entries from a theoretical point of view in addition to a growing to be have to comprehend the association of the lexicon from a computational view. This quantity makes an attempt to outline the instructions that must be taken with the intention to in attaining the objective of a coherent thought of lexical organization.
By Brian Joseph, Robert Borsley, Carl Pollard
To paraphrase, of the making of syntactic different types there isn't any finish. For any conception of syntax, questions come up approximately its classificatory scheme: what are the kinds? What houses have they got? How do they relate to one another? 11 essays deal with those questions through inquiring no matter if there's a transparent contrast among lexical and sensible different types, how syntactic different types relate to semantic different types, the relation among syntactic and morphological details, in addition to different inquiries. specifically the essays spotlight the centrality of questions about syntactic different types for a couple of diverse theoretical frameworks. It discusses a wide variety of questions on syntactic different types and provides a couple of theoretical frameworks.
By Diane Blakemore
The significance of discourse markers (words like "so," "however," and "well") lies within the theoretical questions they increase concerning the nature of discourse and the connection among linguistic which means and context. Diane Blakemore asserts that the workout in type that has ruled discourse marker learn might be changed via the research of ways within which linguistic expressions give a contribution to the inferential procedures inquisitive about utterance realizing.
By Sarah E. Murray
This ebook presents a compositional, truth-conditional, crosslinguistic semantics for evidentiality, the linguistic encoding of the resource details on which an announcement is predicated. the hot concept is predicated on wide info from Cheyenne, English, and various different languages.
By Magdalena Kaufmann
Imperative clauses are famous as one of many significant clause forms along these often called declarative and interrogative. however, they're nonetheless an enigma within the learn of which means, which is predicated principally on both the concept that of fact stipulations or the concept that of knowledge growth—neither of that are simply utilized to imperatives. This publication places ahead a clean point of view. It analyzes imperatives by way of modalized propositions, and identifies an extra, presuppositional, which means part that makes an assertive interpretation irrelevant. the writer indicates how those components may also help clarify the various results imperatives have, counting on their utilization context.
Imperatives were seen as elusive elements of language simply because they've got a variety of services that makes them tough to unify theoretically. This clean view of the semantics-pragmatics interface enables a uniform semantic research whereas accounting for the pragmatic versatility of imperatives.
By B. Indurkhya
Many metaphors transcend pionting to the prevailing similarities among gadgets -- they carry the similarities. Such metaphors, that have been relegated to the again seat in many of the cognitive technology learn, are the focal point of cognizance during this examine, which addresses the production of similarity inside an elaborately laid out interactive framework of cognition. ranging from the constructivist perspectives of Nelson Goodman and Jean Piaget, this framework resolves an obvious paradox in interactionism: how can fact now not have a mind-independent ontology and constitution, yet nonetheless have the ability to constrain the potential worlds a cognitive agent can create in it? A finished idea of metaphor is proposed during this framework that explains how metaphors can create similarities, and why such metaphors are a useful asset to cognition. The framework is then utilized to similar problems with analogical reasoning, induction, and computational modeling of inventive metaphors.
By Chungmin Lee, Ferenc Kiefer, Manfred Krifka
A crew of authors containing either major professionals and younger researchers addresses a few problems with contrastiveness, polarity goods and exhaustivity, quantificational expressions and the implicatures they generate, and the interplay among semantic operators and speech acts. the nineteen contributions offer insights at the interaction among semantics and pragmatics. The volume’s achieve is cross-linguistic and takes an unorthodox multi-paradigm method. Languages studied diversity from eu languages together with Hungarian and Russian to East Asian languages resembling jap and Korean, with wealthy info on concentration and discourse debris. This quantity contributes to a tremendous region of study in linguistics of the decade, and gives novel, state of the art perspectives on a few of the vital themes in linguistic learn, and should attract an viewers of graduate and complicated undergraduate researchers in linguistics, philosophy of language and computational linguistics.
By Christopher N. Candlin, Jonathan Crichton (eds.)