Semantic Relations and the Lexicon: Antonymy, Synonymy and by M. Lynne Murphy

By M. Lynne Murphy

This e-book explores how a few observe meanings are paradigmatically with regards to one another, for instance, as opposites or synonyms, and the way they relate to the psychological association of our vocabularies. conventional methods declare that such relationships are a part of our lexical wisdom (our "dictionary" of mentally saved phrases) yet Lynne Murphy argues that lexical relationships truly represent our "metalinguistic" wisdom. The booklet attracts on a century of past learn, together with note organization experiments, baby language, and using synonyms and antonyms in textual content.

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4) a. It is male. b. It is not male. c. It is female. So, while antonyms, like sentential contradictions, indicate incompatible states, antonyms usually make more information available about that incompatible state than simple negation does. , not just {male, female}, but {male, female, hermaphroditic, sexless}. But just because these options are available does not mean that they are salient. Thus, by considering male/female to be antonyms, we deem irrelevant the possibility of other sexed and sexless states.

What, for example, is the relation between scotch and soda? We could say that they are in a contrast set, but binary contrast set usually means ‘antonyms,’ and many people would balk at using the name antonymy for relations involving words for things that accompany each other. What about happy and smile? Or cat and dog? Not only is it difficult, if not impossible, to determine how many semantic relation types and subtypes exist, it is difficult, if not impossible, to determine the semantic relations between any two words in a context-independent way.

In such models, since high and low are in an antonymic relation, they are constrained to always denote the opposite ends of whatever scale they describe. The specifics of such models, and their advantages and disadvantages, are discussed in chapter 3. For the time being, it is worth noting that dictionary and thesaurus models exist on a continuum, and that the two ends of the continuum represent componentialism and holism. On the extreme componentialist end are dictionary models that are not relational at all, in which the lexical entries are unordered with respect to each other.

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