The Inheritance of Presupposition by John Dinsmore

By John Dinsmore

This paintings offers a procedural account of the so-called ‘projection challenge’ for presupposition. it's assumed that presuppositions embedded in complicated sentences are topic to no projection principles or ad-hoc stipulations no matter what, yet are in reality happy in acceptable contexts in a totally uniform manner. it really is validated that the plain filtering, alteration, or renovation of an embedded presupposition is in each case a logical final result of a basic, independently influenced version of language processing and data illustration. it really is proven intimately that turning the ‘projection challenge’ upside-down during this means ends up in a much more explanatory and descriptively enough account than any formerly proposed.

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Extra resources for The Inheritance of Presupposition

Example text

C)) with respect to the world it identifies, it is assimilated in a way analogous to communicated information. For in­ stance, let (27) (a) be uttered in c0 such that (b) occurs in  38 PRESUPPOSITION (27) (a) If the King of France is bald and George is a paratrouper, then the King of France doesn't wear army boots after all. and George is a paratrouper, then the King of France doesn't wear army boots after all. In this utterance (27) (c) The King of France is bald and George is a paratrouper. serves as an antecedent to identify some world w.

Therefore the presupposition is predicted for (60) in exaxtly the same way as for (56). To account for sentences like (59) and (60), Karttunen and Peters' rules would have to be extended to additional lexical items and syn­ tactic structures on a case-by-case basis, while the correct predic­ tions are an immediate consequence of the present account. The following is such a sentence: (61) (a) George used to smoke and he has stopped smoking. (61) (a) contains the PC 'stop' associated with the EP (61) (b) George used to smoke.

C) Either there is a King of France, or... (d) There is a King of France. ' is uttered between C0 and c, we can regard C ( C Q , c, w) for any w as a tautology, since this will be practically the only common entail­ ment or implicature of most sentences beginning this way. The information communicated by an utterance up to a given point is assumed to affect the given information for the utterance in the following way. (G2) For any c0,  Î , where  is temporally ordered after C 0 , any w Î W, C(Cg, c, w) Î G(c, w ) .

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